You most likely have heard about CBD and possibly even seen it popping up in stores near you. This herbal supplement is currently all the rage in the wellness industry due to its beneficial properties which have helped millions around the world. But why all the buzz surrounding CBD?

Here are 8 facts about CBD and hemp that everyone in 2019 should know:

What is CBD?

CBD, or cannabidiol, belongs to a family of compounds found in cannabis known as cannabinoids. Researchers believe there are over 100 different types of cannabinoids found in cannabis. Cannabinoids are the active ingredients in all varieties of cannabis like hemp and marijuana, though their individual properties vary widely meaning they have different effects when consumed by humans. CBD, in particular, has been studied for its potent medicinal properties in recent years which is why there is a great amount interest from consumers, lawmakers, and different industries, all looking to benefit from CBD’s medicinal and market potential.

Is CBD Marijuana?

Like most consumers, you may be having a hard time understanding what CBD is and where it comes from. While many may use terms like CBD, hemp, cannabis, and marijuana interchangeably, they all mean different things and refer to very specific plants or derivatives.

Hemp and marijuana are different varieties of the cannabis plant. Marijuana is the psychoactive strain of the cannabis plant rich in THC, the cannabinoid responsible for the “high” associated with the plant. Marijuana is what smokers use for recreational purposes. It’s the plant that comes to mind when you think of Snoop Dogg, Cheech and Chong, and Willie Nelson.

On the other hand, hemp is the strain of cannabis that contains almost no THC and high amounts of CBD. In other words, hemp (also known as industrial hemp) does not make you high. Hemp is commonly used for its industrial applications such as textiles, paper, and rope. Hemp seeds can also be used for their nutritional value.

While CBD can be extracted from either marijuana or hemp, most CBD hemp oil found in the market today is obtained from industrial hemp extracts. This means that CBD extracts will not make you high or cause you to fail a drug test, as long as they come from hemp.

Is CBD Legal?

One reason CBD is obtained mostly from industrial hemp is that hemp contains more CBD than marijuana. The most important reason, however, is that hemp is entirely legal in the United States, unlike marijuana which is only legal in ten states. Hemp became legal at the federal level in 2018 with the passage of the Agriculture Improvement Act, colloquially known as the 2018 Farm Bill. The bill removed hemp from the controlled substances act and made it an agricultural commodity nationwide. The bill is currently paving the way for farmers to diversify their crops with industrial hemp, which will consequently grow the hemp and CBD markets in unprecedented ways.

How Does CBD Work?

CBD works by interacting with the endocannabinoid system (ECS), a complex network of receptors found in all mammals. The endocannabinoid system consists of cannabinoids naturally produced in our bodies (known as endocannabinoids) and receptors that are activated by these cannabinoids. When activated, ECS receptors help regulate some of the most vital functions including pain sensitivity, sleep patterns, appetite, and anxiety levels. CBD improves functions related to the endocannabinoid system by interacting with receptors and enzymes responsible for many of these functions influencing signaling systems that control cell activity throughout the body.

What are the Benefits of CBD?

CBD full spectrum hemp oil has generated so much interest in the last decade because of its natural anti-inflammatory effects that can help with symptoms associated with a wide range of conditions and ailments. CBD is most commonly used for pain relief due to its ability to reduce inflammation which is often the root cause of all muscle and joint pain. Thousands of users have used CBD for pain related to arthritis, fibromyalgia, and injuries. Even athletes are beginning to turn to CBD for muscle recovery.

Another significant benefit of CBD is its potential to relieve stress and anxiety. CBD is known to activate serotonin receptors which are directly responsible for inciting feelings of happiness and well-being. Serotonin receptors are so relevant to our mental health that they are the primary target of many prescription antidepressant drugs. The pain and anxiety-relieving benefits of CBD also make it an excellent sleep aid for people who have insomnia and other sleep conditions.

Studies regarding CBD are still being conducted, and research has shown promising results so far. Research in the last couple of years suggests CBD may help with symptoms of diabetes, epilepsy, and neurodegenerative diseases.

How to Use CBD?

Unlike most supplements out in the market today, CBD is extremely versatile. CBD products are available in an extensive range of shapes, flavors, colors, and dosages. The most popular form of CBD is full spectrum CBD oil due to its easy to use delivery system and practical packaging. However, many users stay away from hemp oil formulas and prefer more familiar products like CBD gummies or CBD joints. Regardless of the type of CBD product you choose, the effects will be the same allowing you to reap the full benefits of CBD.

What are the Side Effects and Risks of CBD?

Unlike many over the counter and prescription medications, full spectrum hemp oil has no significant side effects. Even if you take high doses of CBD hemp oil, no serious side effects will be felt. Some users have reported drowsiness from taking CBD, but this is not very common. Most importantly, CBD is non-addictive and non-habit forming. If you are considering CBD but are taking other medications, consult with your physician first.

Where Can I Buy CBD?

As of 2019, CBD is legally available nationwide. CBD products can be found in many specialty stores across the country like holistic shops, spas, and supplement stores. Nevertheless, the best option for CBD products is online CBD stores where you can find a more extensive variety of products. Online stores also offer important information about CBD and tips on how to make the most of your purchase.